The Fun - The Challenge - The Experience
So you want to sail the Double Handled Farallones Race....
The Doublehanded Farallones Race is a springtime ritual, originally intended as a kick-off for the ocean racing season. Classically run in April, the race has often delivered extreme conditions which has tested the resolve of many sailors and rescuers alike. The stories of triumph and failure have become synonymous with San Francisco ocean sailing. Many of the most decorated local sailors of the past 40 years have done the race and several of their names grace our trophies.
The race begins by the iconic Golden Gate Bridge, takes competitors over the San Francisco Bar to South East Farallon and back, limited to doublehanded entries only. Boats as big as Santa Cruz 70s and as fast as Prosail 40s have run the course, while one design fleets such as the venerable Moore 24, F-27s and Express 27s often sign up en masse; all have dominated the winner’s circle.
It's a seriously challenging race...
South East Farallon and its mates are an outcropping along the Salinian terrane, which is in essence a line of granite carved away from the coast by the famous San Andreas fault. Local native peoples apparently thought of the archipelago as an abode for sprits and referred to the rocky outcropping as “Islands of the Dead.” Other mariners have been known to call them the “Devils Teeth.”
The sailing venue for the race, the Gulf of the Farallones, can be one extremely treacherous piece of water. For the race you will need offshore safety gear and need to have practiced or first sailed with good mentors. Your boat will need to be well prepared and ready and able to sail in all conditions; not just super-windy, but light stuff too. We’d also really like it if you know how to read a tide book, can interpret basic weather information, know how to respect a lee shore and generally be seaworthy.
And don't forget the Great White sharks. Most of us have seen videos and BAMA has heard accounts about sightings of these apex predators… It’s all quite sobering to realize there are fish out there almost as large as some boats.
Still want to give this a go? --You Should!
Despite its challenges, the Doublehanded Farallones course can be a wonderful sailing playground too. Both Monohull and Multihull course records were set in steady 15 knot southerly breezes. Add to that an abundance of marine wildlife. Humpback whale and sunfish sightings are common, there are at least a dozen different bird species in the area, and barking of fur seals and sea lions can easily be heard as you round the Islands.
This is also a racer's race. The tactical decisions you make right off the starting line separates the wheat from the chaff and the drag race out to the island gives you the opportunity to find new gears you didn’t know your boat had. Rounding the island can be a little tense as you watch your depth sounder to make sure you're in deep enough water, but once you get around you get to enjoy a fast reach back to the Golden Gate - often pegging the knot meter along the way.
So Join Us! It's a sailing rite of passage not to be missed.
If you still have questions, then please reach out, and we will do our best to get you going. We are, after all, ocean racers putting on an ocean race!
The Course has racers start off Baker Beach west of the Golden Gate, sail in either direction around the islands, keeping 1,000 feet from the islands at a minimum, and finish between the X buoy and the Golden Gate Yacht Club shore flag.
The Farallon Islands, sometimes referred to as the Devil’s Teeth Islands, are actually part of the city of San Francisco, but while the hilly topography could be familiar, almost nothing else is. The Farallon Islands are located approximately 24 NM offshore, and are the last bits of land heading west until mariners reach Hawaii. Waves batter the islands as Pacific Ocean swells rise up in the shallow waters surrounding the islands. The islands have no landing spot for boats.
The islands are a National Marine Sanctuary, with lots of seals and bird life. There is a lighthouse and a research station on Southeast Farallon Island, where a few intrepid researchers spend a few weeks at a time studying the local birds and wildlife.
Conditions vary wildly at the islands. They are sometimes shrouded in thick fog, where mariners rounding the islands will only see glimpses of the rocky outcroppings. Sometimes conditions are gentle. During eddy conditions offshore, you might see 10 knots of breeze from the southeast instead of the prevailing northwesterly. The islands definitely see their fair share of rough conditions. Strong winds from the northwest in the mid-20s or higher during the summer are typical, as are strong storm winds from the south during the winter. And that forbidding shoreline gets pounded by swells when conditions are rough or when there’s been a big storm in the Pacific.
The rounding of the islands can be intimidating when conditions are rough. There are several shoal areas around the islands, and when the swell is up there can be large breakers. Also, big waves refract off the island causing confused seas, throwing around rounding boats, adding to the intimidation factor.
Safety in Focus
The Gulf of the Farallones is a serious venue, with sometimes seriously rough conditions, and it’s important for boats and crew to be well-prepared to tackle the conditions and events that can occur. The Doublehanded Farallones Race has seen its fair share of fatal and near fatal incidents through its history. Unfortunately, that includes four lives lost in a big storm in the 1982 race, one life lost in 1984 after a boat broke apart on the way back from the islands, and one life lost in 1999 after both crew members on a boat were washed overboard. There have also been several dramatic rescues, often by fellow racers, after serious incidents (capsizes, pitch-poles, big waves, and crew overboard events). And there have been several cases of serious equipment failures, including multiple incidents of lost steering and one lost keel. The Farallones Islands were also tragically the site of the Low Speed Chase Incident in the 2012 OYRA Full Crew Farallones Race, where five lives were lost in the surf.
In the interest of safety, the following minimum equipment requirements are in effect: http://yra.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/SER-with-OYRA-changes-2021.pdf Additional safety requirements are also listed in the NOR and Sailing Instructions.
Note that BAMA offers alternative solutions to allow certain boats to participate (e.g. for monohulls without lifelines, solutions for certain trailerable boats). BAMA inspects boats to ensure compliance with the equipment requirements.
BAMA carefully monitors the fleet during the race, and has radio check-in procedures for all boats left on the course after dark (except those that have AIS transponders where we can see their forward progress.) We also have a partnership with the local ham radio community in San Francisco to ensure extended VHF radio coverage for the race track.
BAMA also offers regular training events on how to handle adverse situations, including live crew overboard training, and training on emergency steering.
Shoal Areas on the Race Course
There are several shoal areas on the race course that need to be taken very seriously any time the swell is up. That includes several areas around Southeast Farallon Island, and areas closer to shore, including the Four Fathom Bank, the South Bar, and the area outside Ocean Beach. It is very important to monitor your depth while rounding the islands, and also while exiting from and returning to the bay, to make sure that you are in deep enough water for the conditions. Also note that because of the marine sanctuary, there is a 1,000 ft minimum standoff from any island or rock at the Farallones, and that includes Seal Rock on the south side of Southeast Farallon Island.
The Low Speed Chase incident in the 2012 OYRA Full Crew Farallones Race, where five sailors drowned, happened as a result of rounding the island too closely, in water that was too shallow for the wave conditions.
The fatal course, which abruptly turns at a right angle where the boat was rolled by a rogue wave, is shown above in red. All crew members except one were swept overboard, and the boat was ultimately washed up on Maintop Island.
The second red course shown, even closer to the island, was recorded by the same boat, Low Speed Chase, the year before.
- Stewart Kett Memorial Trophy First monohull on elapsed time
- 2020 winner: Rufless, Rufus Sjoberg / Jason Crowson: 08:02:55
- Harvey Shlasky Perpetual Trophy for the boat with the lowest corrected time
- 2020 winner: IO, Hill Blackett III / Jim Antrim: 08:52:06
- First Multihull on Elapsed Time
- 2020 winner: Round Midnight, Richard Waltonsmith / Dave Olson: 06:13:13 (it was also the fastest elapsed time for multihulls in the last 13 years)
- Randy Devol Memorial Trophy for first multihull on corrected time
- 2020 winner: Round Midnight, Richard Waltonsmith, Dave Olson: 07:49:14
- Dennis Madigan Perpetual Trophy for crew member of the first boat with the lowest elapsed time (either monohull or multihull)
- 2020 winner: Dave Olson, Round Midnight
- Pineapple Sails Yacht Club Trophy for club with top 3 placing entrants
- 2020 winner: BAMA – Bay Area Multihull Association
Other overall awards
- First Mixed Gender Boat on Corrected Time
- 2020 winner: Khimaira, Mark Zimmer / Kimberly Zimmer
- First All-Female Crewed Boat on corrected time
- 2020 winner: Envolée, Nathalie Criou / Hannah Droesbeke
Some Interesting Race Facts
The 4-hour Barrier for Elapsed Time for Multihulls:
Very fast multihulls have participated in the Doublehanded Farallones Race over the years, and they have posted some of the fastest elapsed times in the race. In the very first DHF in 1980, it took the fastest multihull just over 20 hours(!) to complete the course, but much faster times have been recorded since then. And when the conditions are right, multihulls can really fly on this course, and have posted some staggeringly fast elapsed times. Case in point: the record-breaking 1992 race, when two multihulls finished in less than four hours (the Antrim 40 trimaran Aotea, and the ProSail 40 TomCat – which is still the course record holder). Aotea recorded two other finishes under 5 hours, and one under six hours, and two other multihulls have been under six hours (the Antrim 30+ trimaran Erin, in 1999 and 2005, and the 48-ft catamaran Wind Warrior, in 1987).
The 6-hour Barrier for Elapsed Time for Monohulls:
It’s tough to do for doublehanded monohulls, but the 6-hour barrier has been broken by monohulls just twice: Once by the Santa Cruz 70 Mongoose, in 1992, and once by the Owen Clarke Open 50 Truth, in 2012. Several other monohulls have gotten close, but getting under 6 hours requires the combination of a fast boat and the right conditions for going fast!
The 7-hour Barrier for Corrected Time:
Similar to the 6-hour barrier for elapsed time, the 7-hour mark has proven to be an almost unbreakable barrier for corrected time. Since 1998, only one boat has managed to do it (the Antrim 30+ trimaran Erin, in 1999, just squeaking under with a corrected time of 6:58:55). In 2011, the Moore 24 Nevermoore missed out by just 57 seconds, correcting out at 7:00:57. Quite a few boats, both multihulls and monohulls, have finished with corrected times between 7 and 8 hours, but cracking through the 7-hour barrier is very hard to do!
However, when the conditions are just right, much faster corrected times are possible. In the record-breaking 1992 race (all DHF records for both elapsed and corrected time are from the 1992 race), both the multihull and monohull winners posted corrected times near the 4 ½ hour mark (see records below)!
The Most Winning Boat Model on Corrected Time:
The Moore 24! The most-winning boat on corrected time in the Doublehanded Farallones Race is the Moore 24, having won for monohulls overall 21 times! The Moore 24 was America’s first production line Ultra-Light Displacement Boat (ULDB), and the boat still holds its own today. With one of the largest racing fleets in the San Francisco Bay Area, the Moore 24 has a proud history in the DHF, with by far the most wins. There were just four Moore 24s participating in the Covid-reduced 2020 race, but there is usually a separate division just for Moore 24s. The 2020 Moore 24 winner: Snafu, Karl Robrock / Bart Hackworth.
Standing Race Records
Multihull Elapsed Time: TomCat (1992) Zan Drejes / Jack Halterman; ProSail 40 Catamaran; Elapsed Time: 03:30:44.
We believe this is the fastest time ever recorded in any Farallones race. The two other closest times that we know of: Aotea, in the same 1992 DHF race, finishing in 3 hours 48 minutes, and the Mod 70 Orion, finishing in 03:42:21 in the Full Crew Farallones Race in 2016.
Multihull Corrected Time: Sundowner (1992) Joe Therriault / W. Kipp; Buccaneer 33 trimaran; Corrected Time: 4:24:08
Monohull Elapsed Time: Mongoose (1992) Paul Simonsen / Stan Honey; Santa Cruz 70; Elapsed Time: 05:39:47
Monohull Corrected Time: Valkyrie (1992) S. Kingsley, P. Kamen; Formosa 41; Corrected Time: 04:34:16
David Hodges and Scott Walecka: The most-winning pair through the history of the Doublehanded Farallones Race is David Hodges and Scott Walecka, who won the monohull class overall on corrected time in the Moore 24 Adios on 9 of 10 tries in races between 1987 and 1999, missing out only once, in 1996, when they raced the Moore 24 Fatuity instead, and finished 4th. David Hodges also won for monohulls overall on corrected time in in 2007 and 2010 with his Farr 38 Timberwolf. Most recently, David Hodges won the Mono 1 class in 2020, again with Timberwolf.
Peter Hogg: Former DHF Race Chair Peter Hogg posted a remarkable set of results in various multihulls between 1987 and 1994, and posted the fastest elapsed time a total of seven times, five of them as skipper – twice in the 40-ft catamaran Tainui, and three times in Aotea, his Antrim 40 trimaran, and twice as crew – on the 48-ft catamaran Wind Warrior, and on the 30-ft trimaran Erin. With Aotea, he posted the second-fastest elapsed time in the race ever in 1992, finishing in 3 hours 48 minutes.
Just days after that race, Peter sailed Aotea from San Francisco to Tokyo, and posted the record that still stands for that distance, recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records, finishing in just 34 days, 6 hours, 26 minutes.
Unfortunately, Aotea was lost in the 1995 race after pitch-poling on the way back to the bay. The boat eventually drifted upside down to Micronesia.
Joe Therriault: Former BAMA Commodore and former DHF Race Chair Joe Therriault posted strong results in DHF races between 1980 and 1992 with this Buccaneer 33 trimaran Sundowner. He posted the fastest elapsed time four times (1980, 1984, 1989 and 1990), and he still holds the multihull corrected time record from 1992.
Hill Blackett: In the last decade, Hill Blackett has posted the most wins for monohulls, posting the fastest elapsed monohull time six times with his Antrim Class 40 California Condor, and winning for monohulls overall on corrected time in 2020 with his Antrim-27 monohull IO.
Jim Antrim: Naval architect Jim Antrim has a special history with the Doublehanded Farallones Race. He has designed several of the multihull and monohull winners over the years, including the 40-ft trimaran Aotea, the 30-ft trimaran Erin, the Class 40 monohull California Condor, and the 27-ft monohull IO. In addition, he has crewed in the race on many of these same boats, posting the fastest elapsed time for multihulls five times (three times on Aotea, twice on Erin), and the fastest elapsed time for monohulls four times on California Condor. Jim most recently posted the best corrected time for monohulls in the 2020 race in the Antrim-27 IO.
2021 Race Updates
For 2021, we’ve implemented several new pieces to the race to make it more fun and safer at the same time:
- BAMA has partnered with the San Francisco Ham Radio Club to provide improved VHF communication. Gone are the days with radio silence as we now beam live from the San Francisco Veterans Hospital.
- We’ve moved the start line to the old traditional, Baker Beach area. This means you start outside the Golden Gate Bridge which shortens the course and removes one of the classic restart areas at the GGB’s South Tower.
- We’ve returned the option of sailing inside Mile Rock to avoid current, and added the option to round the Farallon Island in either direction for improved tactical choices.
- We’ve worked with the YRA to improve multihull safety equipment rules and adopted the OYRA safety requirements for both monohulls and multihulls.
- BAMA remains open to help find solutions to meet safety requirements. Note that we offer alternative solutions for several safety requirements to allow a broader set of boats to participate.
- Our (virtual) pre-race briefing includes topics like safety, weather and conditions expected.
- Live scoring via Jibeset! As soon as anything happens on the course, we post it!
- Live position reports for boats with trackers, including automatic position updates for all boats with AIS transponders, relayed to shore via select boats equipped with AIS position relay units.
Coming From Outside The Bay Area?
- Both the skippers meeting and the awards meeting are virtual, conducted over Zoom, and the meetings are recorded and posted for anytime replay
- We ship the commemorative DHF coffee mugs directly to your home. You don't need to show up in person anywhere to pick them up. We will make suitable arrangements for awards if you win your class or a perpetual trophy
- If you are trailering your boat to the area, please review our guide to Launch Ramps in the San Francisco Bay Area
- Aquatic Park, on the San Francisco cityfront: https://www.nps.gov/safr/
planyourvisit/aquaticparkcove. htm (reservation required for overnight anchoring)
- Richardson Bay, between Sausalito and Belvedere, across the bay from the finish
- Ayala Cove on Angel Island: https://angelisland.org/
visitor-information/boating- camping/ (beautiful and very well-protected anchorage with moorings up to 50 ft)
- Clipper Cove on Treasure Island (large and well-protected anchorage on the leeward side of Treasure Island)